Taoism Initiation Page

Taoist Philosophy

Taoism meditation
Taoism inner contemplation
 and projection of the mental content
Most of the Taoism philosophy has been developed by Lao-tzu in his Tao-te ching . The book is considered the Bible of Taoism because it is the core of its philosophy. In short, Lao-tzu explains what Tao and Te are in the natural world. Also he teaches the sages (saints) the way to follow in order to emulate the Tao and also the method the political Rulers should apply in order to lead the country to order.

The teachings of Lao-tzu are further developed by his most important disciple: Chuang-tzu, in his homonymous book. He did this through various stories, anecdotes and metaphors. He also criticized the teachings of Confucius mainly based on the ethical approach of rightness and humanness as basic features of the governing.

Lieh-tzu is the next Taoist master that did a lot to develop the Taoist wisdom. His work - The Book of Perfect Emptiness - consists in various stories, biographical notes, parables and metaphors dealing with the Taoist basics. He described the practice of the meditation, a specific technique lading to the mind emptiness (unity)..

The thinking of Yang-tzu illustrates the hedonistic side of Taoist philosophy. His writing is included in Lieh-tzu's book. Through a dialogue between two political characters he explained the art of nurturing the life principle which is by far one of the most important Taoist teachings.

Finally, Lao-tzu's thinking is summarized by the Chinese historian Ssu-ma Ch'ien in his Historical Records.

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